What Is Gingivitis? What Causes Gingivitis?

Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums (gingiva). It commonly occurs because of films of bacteria that accumulate on the teeth - plaque; this type is called plaque-induced gingivitis. Gingivitis is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress toperiodontitis, which is more serious and can eventually lead to loss of teeth. A patient with gingivitis will have red and puffy gums, and they will most likely bleed when they brush their teeth. Generally, gingivitis resolves with good oral hygiene - longer and more frequent brushing, as well as flossing. Some people find that using an antiseptic mouthwash, alongside proper tooth brushing and flossing also helps. In mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know they have it, because symptoms are mild. However, the condition should be taken seriously and addressed immediately. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary: Gingivitis is "Inflammation of the gingiva as a response to bacterial plaque on adjacent teeth; characterized by erythema, edema, and fibrous enlargement of the gingiva without resorption of the underlying alveolar bone." (Top) Severe gingivitis before treatment. (Bottom) After mechanical debridement of teeth and surrounding gum tissues There are two main categories of gingival diseases (1999 World Workshop in Clinical Periodontics): Dental plaque-induced gingival disease Gingivitis caused only by plaque Gingivitis caused by systemic factors Gingivitis caused by medications Gingivitis caused by malnutrition Non-plaque induced gingival lesions Gingival diseases - caused by a specific bacterium Gingival diseases - caused by a specific virus Gingival diseases - caused by a specific fungus Gingival diseases - caused by genetic factors Gum inflammations caused by systemic conditions Gum inflammations caused by traumatic lesions Gum inflammations caused by reactions to foreign bodies Gum...
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