What Is Female Genital Mutilation?

Female genital mutilation, also known asFGM refers to all procedures which partially or completely remove the external female genitalia. FGM also includes any other injury to a woman's or girl's genitalia for reasons other than medical ones. In most parts of the world, FGM is done by non-medical practitioners who also attend childbirths and carry out male circumcisions. According to WHO (World Health Organization), over 18% of all female genital mutilation procedures are carried out by health care professionals in clinical setting, a trend which appears to be growing. Virtually every country in the world agrees that female genital mutilation is a violation of a female's human rights. It is seen as an extreme form of discriminating against females in the community. As most procedures are carried out on young girls, it is also a violation against children's rights. According to WHO: "(female genital mutilation also) violates a person's rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death." The World Health Organization informs that there are four main types of female genital mutilations: FGM may involve cutting out all or part of the clitoris, the labia majora and/or minora, and stitching the labia together so as to narrow the opening Clitoridectomy - the clitoris is partially or completely removed. The clitoris (see picture)is the most sensitive erogenous zone of the human female, and the main cause of her sexual pleasure. It is a small erectile part of the female genitalia. Upon being stimulated, the clitoris produces sexual excitement, clitoral erection,...

Some Women Orgasm During Exercise

Some women reach orgasm during exercise, especially those that involve the core abdominal muscles, researcher Debby Herbenick, and J. Dennis Fortenberry, M.D., both from Indiana University, wrote in the journal Sexual and Relationship Therapy. Exercises most likely to be associated with female orgasms are abdominal exercises, weight lifting, spinning/biking, and climbing poles or ropes, the author added. The researchers explain that "coregasm" - reaching an orgasm from exercising the core abdominal muscles - has been mentioned in the media for some time. However, they add that the findings in this latest study are new. Herbenick said: "The most common exercises associated with exercise-induced orgasm were abdominal exercises, climbing poles or ropes, biking/spinning and weight lifting. These data are interesting because they suggest that orgasm is not necessarily a sexual event, and they may also teach us more about the bodily processes underlying women's experiences of orgasm." Herbenick, and Fortenberry carried out online surveys which included 124 adult females who said they had had an orgasm while exercising, known as EIO (exercise-induced orgasm), and another 246 who reported having experienced exercise-induced sexual pleasure (EISP). They were aged form 18 to 63 years, the majority of whom were either married or in a relationship. Approximately 69% of them said they were heterosexual. The most common exercises associated with exercise-induced orgasm were abdominal exercises The researchers found that: Approximately 40% of those who had experienced an orgasm or sexual pleasure during exercise had done so at least ten times   Those who reached orgasm while exercising said they felt self-conscious when exercising in public places.   About 20% of those who experienced orgasm while they...

Genetic Clue Discovered For Why Women Outlive Men

A new study of mitochondrial DNA in fruit flies offers a number of clues that might explain why females tend to outlive males across much of the animal kingdom, including humans. Researchers from Monash University in Australia and Lancaster University in the UK, write about their work in the 2 August online issue of Current Biology. They found male fruit flies appear to have mutations in their mitochondrial DNA that affect how fast they age and how long they live. Scientists use fruit flies as models for studies in genes and aging because their biological processes are remarkably similar to that of other animals, such as humans, and with a lifespan of about a month, it doesn't take too long to investigate generational effects. Senior author Damian Dowling, a research fellow in the Monash School of Biological Sciences, told the press: "All animals possess mitochondria, and the tendency for females to outlive males is common to many different species. Our results therefore suggest that the mitochondrial mutations we have uncovered will generally cause faster male aging across the animal kingdom." "Intriguingly, these same mutations have no effects on patterns of aging in females. They only affect males," he added. Mitochondria are special subunits of cells, about the same size as bacteria, that provide the energy for life. They combine sugar and oxygen into adenosine triphosphate or ATP, molecular packets of energy that are usable by cells. Mitochondria have their own DNA that is quite separate from the cellular DNA in the nucleus of the cell. And, unlike cellular DNA, which is inherited from the sperm and egg that fuse to make the new...

He Thought He Was A Man, But He Was Also A Woman

A prominent Denver photographer who thought he was a man, found out after an ultrasound screen to examine a kidney stone that he was also female. He has lived his whole life as a man, sometimes receiving comments about some female traits, only to find out that he was, in fact, born intersex. Steve Crecelius told Fox News that he remembers secretly putting on his mother's clothes and applying makeup when he was younger. He went on to explain that he had frequently identified with being female, and from a very young age - but he has lived his life as a male until a few years ago. Steve told Fox News: "When I was 17, I was working my first part-time job at a TV station as a floor cameraman and the person in charge said to me, 'You know, you walk like a queer.' And I thought I was hiding who I was, and I wasn't. I had a kidney stone and we're in the emergency room. The nurse is reading theultrasound and says, 'Huh, this says you're a female'." What is intersex (intersexuality)? According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, Intersexuality means: "The condition of having both male and female characteristics; being intermediate between the sexes." Intersex refers to a group of conditions, often termed DSDs (disorders of sexual development) - there is a discrepancy between the appearance of the external sexual organs and the internal ones. The older terms hermaphroditism or pseudohermaphroditism are rarely used by healthcare professionals, and have given way to intersex or intersexuality. The revelation validated everything Steve felt inside When his intersexuality was discovered, Steve said that it validated everything he had always felt inside. Initially, the...

G-Spot Scientifically Identified

A study published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine verifies the anatomic existence of the G-Spot. Until now, it has never been determined whether the G-Spot indeed exists, even though women have been reporting engorgement of the upper, anterior part of the vagina during sexual excitement for centuries. After dissecting the anterior vaginal wall on an 83-year-old cadaver, Adam Ostrzenski, M.D., Ph.D., of the Institute of Gynecology in St. Petersburg, FL, was able to confirm that the G-spot exists. Ostrzenski found a well-delineated sac structure located on the back (dorsal) perineal membrane, 16.5 mm from the upper part of the urethral meatus, creating a 35 degree angle with the lateral (side) border of the urethra. He also found that the G-spot has 3 distinct regions, with dimensions of length (L) of 8.1 mm x width (W) 3.6 mm to 1.5 mm x height (H) 0.4 mm. After Ostrzenski removed the entire structure with the adjacent margin tissues, he discovered that the G-spot stretched from 8.1 to 33m. He concludes: "This study confirmed the anatomic existence of the G-spot, which may lead to a better understanding and improvement of female sexual function." According to Irwin Goldstein, editor-in-chief of The Journal of Sexual Medicine, studying women's sexual health issues is vital. He says: "This case study in a single cadaver adds to the growing body of literature regarding women's sexual anatomy and physiology." What is the G-Spot? The G-Spot, also known as the Gräfenberg Spot, is a bean-shaped area of the vagina. A significant number of females report that it is an erogenous zone, which can lead to strong sexual arousal when stimulated, resulting in powerful orgasms and female ejaculation....
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